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What is ISPS ? Purpose and implementation of ISPS code on board cargo ships
Chapter XI of SOLAS describes ISPS regulalations.
ISPS code means International ship & port facilities security code, enforced in July 2004.
There are two parts in it:
1) maritime safety & 2)maritime security
There are 19 chapters in ISPS
d. Responsibilities of contacting government
e. Declaration of security
f. Obligation of company
g. Ship security
h. Ship security assessment
i. Ship security plan
k. Company security officer
l. Ship security officer
m. Training, drill and exercise
n. Port facility security
o. Port facility security assessment
p. Port security plan
q. Port facility security officer
r. Training, drill and exercise at port
s. Verification and certification for ships
2) International connection to detect security threats.
3) Provide adequate guideline against breach of security
There are three levels in ISPS:
LEVEL-1 :Background level of threat that is normal operating condition .Maintaining minimum appropriate protective security measure at all time.
LEVEL-2 :Heightened threat but no defined target. Maintain additional protective security measure for period of time.
LEVEL-3 :High level of threat against a specific target. Further high level of security measure maintained for a limited period of time.
1) Adequate deck & over side lighting.
2) Crew member should be issued photo identification.
3) Access on & off the vessel should be control & all person identify.
4) Access to certain area of the vessel to be limited with key control.
5) Unused room or space should be kept locked.
6) Periodic inspection/patrol should be made a regular interval.
In addition to level -1
1) Occasional search should be made at random interval.
2) Access of all visitors to the vessel should strictly control.
3) Close security to be paid on deliveries and stores.
4) Baggage should not be unattended.
5) Check should make on seal on container & other cargo.
6) No person other than crew member should be allowed on bridge or E/R.
7) Maintain close liaison with shore concerned.
8) All crew members should be reminded of bomb alert security of the vessel.
In addition to level 1 & 2 :
1) Limiting access to a single & controlled access.
2) Granting access only to those responding to the security incident.
3) Carry out full or partial search of the ship.
4) Suspending cargo handling operation.
5) Tighten security patrol of the vessel.
6) Crew member should be briefed on seriousness of the situation.
1) Navigation room
2) Radio room
3) Engine room
4) Steering room
5) Emergency generator area
6) Bow thruster
7) Fire control room
8) Crew accommodation area
9) Ventilation, air conditioning equipment room,
10) Similar key area which is essential to safe operation of ship.
Ship Security Officer (person accountable to master, designated by company.
Company Security Officer.
Port Facility Security 0fficer.
Ship Security Plan.
MAR SEC means
Other useful articles :
- Rope handling safe procedure
Ropes are made of short fibres that are spun into yarns,
which are then made into flat or twisted strands.
And the strands are spun or braided to make the finished
Synthetic man-made ropes and hawsers
Although natural fibre ropes are still widely used throughout the marine industry, they have been superseded by synthetic fibres for a great many
purposes. Not only do the majority of synthetic ropes have greater strength
than their natural fibre counterparts, but they are more easily obtainable
and at present considerably cheaper.
Natural fibre rope
All natural fibre rope is manufactured from manilla, sisal, hemp, coir, cotton
or flax fibres.The process of manufacture consists of twisting the fibres
into yarns and turning the yarns in an opposite direction to establish the
- Prepare cargo holds prior loading
Washing is always carried out after the compartment has been swept. Drying time for washed compartments must be allowed for, before loading the next cargo; this time will vary with the climate, but two to three days must be expected.
- Strength and stability of the Lifting appliances
The vessel's structure, crane, derrick or other lifting device and the supporting structure should be of sufficient strength to withstand the loads
that will be imposed when operating at its maximum load moment .
- Anchoring safe practice
Prior approaching an area for anchoring ships master should investigate fully a suitable anchoring position and conduct a planned approach including speed reduction in ample time and orienting the ships head prior anchoring to same as similar sized vessels around or stem the tide or wind whichever is stronger . Final decision to be made on method of anchoring to be used , the number of shackles , the depth of water, expected weather and holding ground. .
- MacGregor single-pull weather-deck hatch cover
Hatch covers are used to close off the hatch opening and make it
watertight. Wooden hatch covers, consisting of beams and boards over
the opening and covered with tarpaulins, were once used but are no
longer fitted. Steel hatch covers, comprising a number of linked steel
covers, are now fitted universally. Various designs exist for particular
applications, but most offer simple and quick opening and closing,
which speed up the cargo handling operation..
- Cargo holds access arrangement
The access shall be separate from the hatchway opening, and shall be by a stairway if possible. A fixed ladder, or a line of fixed rungs, shall have no point where they fill a reverse slope
Lay of Ropes and hawsers - Small Stuff descriptions
The lay of rope is a term used to describe the nature of the twist that produces the complete rope .The most common form of rope at sea is known as ‘hawser laid rope’ comprising three strands laid up right- or lefthanded.
- Stresses in ship structures and how to mitigate
Heavy weights tend to cause a downward deflection of the deck area supporting the load .This subsequently produces stresses, with
consequent inward and outward deflections of supporting bulkheads,
depending on the position of initial loading .
- Lifting appliances - Maintenance, testing, controls & safety measures
When there is any suspicion that any appliance or item of
equipment may have been subjected to excessive loads, exceeding the Safe
Working Load (SWL), or subjected to treatment likely to cause damage, it
should be taken out of service until it can be subjected to a thorough
examination by a competent person.
- Safe operation of Lifting appliances and gears
All lifting operations must be properly planned, appropriately
supervised and carried out to protect the safety of workers.
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